Difference Btw Registered Nursing (RN) and Midwifery (RM) - SCHOOLCONTENTS.info

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Difference Btw Registered Nursing (RN) and Midwifery (RM)

Difference Between Registered Nursing (RN) and Registered Midwifery (RM)
A midwife after a delivery
In plain language, a Registered Nurse (RN) is the award or certificate given to a 3-year trained professional nurse at a school or college of Nursing. Whereas, Registered Midwifery (RM) is an additional (advanced though there is another basic midwifery programme too) qualification to RN which is achieved after another 1 or 2 years of further studies in Nursing and midwifery.

See: Universities Offering Nursing – UTME Subjects Combination/DE Grade and SSCE Requirements

To understand the difference between the two terms and qualifications, there is a need to break things down. In this post you will understand:

  1. What the basic Nursing programme is
  2. What the advanced (post-basic nursing) midwifery programme is
  3. What the basic midwifery programme is

Achieving Registered Nursing (RN)

Schools or colleges of nursing are usually administered by a University Teaching Hospital (UTH). Such hospitals will admit school cert holders and groom them for health care services in a three-year basic nursing course.

After the successful completion of the programme with the hospital's final exams, the trained nurses will be awarded RNs. They are hence qualified to work in any hospital - at home or abroad.

This RN gives such nurses the recognition to apply for BSc Nursing in any university of their choice through JAMB Direct Entry which gives 200-level admissions into Nursing instead of 100 level for those who have not passed through nursing training.

RecommendedPolytechnics/Colleges Offering Nursing in Nigeria

Achieving Registered Midwifery (RM)

After completing the RN, some nurses prefer adding another qualification called Registered Midwifery (RM) in order to be equivalent to their BSC nursing counterparts. Here, they are trained further in general health care services and most especially in child delivery (midwifery).

Though there is a basic RM programme too. This may be equivalent to RN too. In order words, the basic RM is not the one taken after you acquire an RN.

Recommended: Kastina State School of Nursing and Midwifery Admission Forms on Sales. See Details

Possessing both RN and RM may give you an edge in job and career advancement but it’s usually recognized as being inferior to the BSC Nurse – who will possess three certificates instead. The three certificates for a university graduate of nursing are RN, RM, and BSC (degree) Nursing.

There is a Basic Midwifery Just Like Basic Nursing

The differences above affect you if enter into the Nursing profession through basic Nursing. Hence, to further your education/career, you have to cross to a university or add another qualification called RM. This type of RM is an advanced and generally post-basic nursing programme.

Whereas, there are people who enter into the Nursing profession with basic RM instead. Basic RM is not the same as the post-basic Nursing programme (RM). In the case of basic midwifery, which is just like basic nursing, admitted candidates are trained for 3 years too. And when done, are qualified to work primarily in the delivery and labour section of any health facility.

To further their education after being awarded RM, they also may cross to universities through Direct Entry ( not as acceptable as RN) and continue to BSC Nursing. And if they choose to cross to RN later, they're usually admitted to the 200 level i.e. year 2. Hence, will spend 2 years more to qualify for RN.


In most cases, however, people prefer basic nursing to DE Nursing or Basic Nursing to advanced midwifery to basic midwifery and crossing to university. This may be because many universities offering nursing will prefer their DE nursing aspirants to come with basic RN/advanced RM instead of basic RM.

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  1. When will general nursing form be out

    1. Be following updates through the link below.


  2. Is nursing form for luth son out?

    1. Check the link below


  3. Can I study basic midwife nurse only

    1. You can study any. However, the higher you go, the better is your prospects and career.

  4. can a Polytechnic graduate with HND in Science and Laboratory Technology apply for Nursing (RN) or Widwifry? if yes how many years would it takes such an applicant to complete the program and what are the basic requirements


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